The African Union 20 years later Born from the ashes of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 2002, the African Union ( AU ) celebrates 20 years of existence in this year 2022. Since its creation, it has been entrusted with the mission of promoting the socio-economic integration of the African continent. Built on a set of common values shared by its Member States, the continental institution has gradually elaborated its institutional and normative architecture, and defined its frameworks for action. In 2013, Agenda 2063 was adopted by Heads of State and Government as the AU ‘s framework for action towards 2063 for an “integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force on the world stage”. In 2017, the continental institution embarked on an institutional reform project whose changes are underway. In 2021, the official start of free trade within the framework of the African Continental Free Trade Area ( ZLECAf ) came to concretize the project of economic integration of the continent.
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